There are many diseases of the nails of the hands and feet, in which the nails are brittle, wavy, lamellar and have some more unpleasant problems. Fragile nails - make us think that something is wrong with our body. People who are faced with such a problem ask themselves: why the nails break, where do the nail diseases come from, what is the fungus on the nails and how will it get rid of it, why the wavy nails Nail disease is a problem for almost everyone. In this article, we will acquaint you with the diseases that your marigolds can be exposed to, describe the causes of nail disease in the hands and feet, how to treat nail disease and whether it is possible to cure it forever, and what means to use in combating these diseases.
Often found diseases of the nails on the hands and feet
A fungus that affects the nails and skin is called athlete. Get rid of this nail disease is not easy. In this disease, inflammation of the skin occurs, peeling and itching appear. Nail fungus must be urgently cured - consult a doctor! Of course, you can try to treat the fungus on the nails at home, using various means in the fight against fungal disease, but you will waste time, and you risk infecting those people who are in contact with you. Nail fungus is a serious problem that requires long-term treatment, which requires not only cream, but also antifungal drugs inside. The plate with this disease of the nails is wavy, thickened, the nail becomes loose and exfoliates. Its color gets unnatural shades, and the form is deformed. There is also a thickening and foliation of the skin around the marigold.
Fungal diseases of the nails occur in the absence of hand and foot skin hygiene, high humidity and temperature in the room where you are located. As soon as you find the fungus, immediately remove all cosmetics on the hands and feet, as well as extended nails. By the way, false nails are one of the causes of nail disease, as they are a good medium for spreading fungal mold. If you often do a manicure and pedicure, you will notice the appearance of a mold immediately - a green-yellow stain and an unpleasant smell will appear on the nails.
If you have an initial stage of a fungal disease, then the doctor may advise such a tool as nail polish varnish. It softens the affected nail plate, the consequence of which is that the spores of the fungus die. It is possible to cure a fungus using nail polish from a nail fungus and cream from companies such as Lotrilil, Batrafen, Lamisil, Terbizil, Terbinafin, Orungal, and the like. Also, the doctor may prescribe a drug with antibiotics. It is clear that manicure and pedicure in this case can not be done so as not to irritate and not injure the already affected areas of the nail plate and the skin around it.
A common disease of the nails is their discoloration, which is caused by the abuse of smoking, anemia (low hemoglobin) and other diseases in a weakened body. Smokers can treat their marigolds by rubbing lemon juice or hydrogen peroxide. Often the marigolds change color or become stained due to the use of poor quality or expired nail polish. It is not necessary to treat, wait until the nails grow, but more often use a whitening cream for nails, so that this problem does not arise later.
The wavy edges of the nails and grooves may occur with a recent injury or illness of the nails. The plate looks bumpy over the entire length. This is due to injury of the nail cells from inside or in the vicinity of the matrix. It is very easy to cure them by eliminating harmful products from your diet, enriching them with useful substances and vitamins that promote good blood circulation.
White spots on the nails may cause alarm. Do not be scared! Usually we tend to think that this disease and it needs to be treated, or that the body does not have enough calcium. In fact, these spots do not need to be treated, they arise because of an accidental injury to the nail plate.
There is such a disease of the nails on the hands and feet as onychotrophy. At the same time, the luster of the nail disappears, its mass decreases and even its loss. Onychotrophy may be caused by trauma of the marigold. You should immediately contact a specialist and cure their nails. In the course of this disease, do not contact with detergents and washing means so that the disease of the nails on the hands does not progress.
If the cuticle starts to grow forward and clings to the base of the marigold - this disease is called pterygium. In this case, you can gently remove the overgrown cuticle with small scissors, and at home do a manicure or pedicure, using a nourishing cream or nail oil.
Onyoshichiziya manifested in the splitting of the nail. Specialists tend to separate the two types of this disease. The first is symmetric plate splitting. Such dystrophy of the nail is rare. It is characterized by splitting the nail into several overlapping layers on each other. Usually marigold grow normally, and at the very edge they begin to exfoliate. This disease is more common in people with chronic allergies - eczema. But at the same time not all leggings on hands suffer. Women who often do a manicure and use a product containing acetone are more likely to suffer from a second type of this disease - partial onychocisia, when the nails split in the middle. Dystrophy of the nails can be caused by a finger injury if improperly treated during a manicure procedure. For prophylaxis it is necessary to take vitamins A and B.
Candida nails may begin due to cuts in manicure. The skin is usually painful, red, visible swelling, itching appears. The fungus very easily gets under the rear nail roller and begins to let the pores. This can not be allowed, you need to start treatment so that infection does not start and prevent fungal disease. Treatment can be carried out with the help of antimycotics of local and systemic use, not to be confused with antibiotics.
Due to the penetration of pyogenic microbes in cracks, cuts, scratches on the nail plate, there is such a disease of nails as felon. Panaritium can be superficial and deep. Superficial felon usually affects the skin around the nail, and deep, grows under the skin, penetrates into the joints, tendons and bones. You can cure and get rid of it forever at home, using a homemade product: mix fir oil with Vishnevsky ointment, transfer it to a bandage and apply it to a sore finger. Such treatment should be carried out 2-3 times a day until such time as the disease disappears.
Ringworm is a fungal infection. There are several forms of this disease. In the usual form, on the nail there are spots of white color, which are scraped off from its surface. Another form of ringworm, when yellowish stripes are seen inside the marigold. This disease instantly damages the edges of the nail, spreading to its root. In this case, the part of the marigold that is already infected with this fungus becomes thick and colorless. The third, most severe form of this infectious disease is the defeat of the entire nail bed. In this case, the surface layers of the plate become very thin. The nail begins to lag behind, revealing the infectious parts of the nail bed. It is necessary to consult a specialist.
Paronychia is accompanied by infection and inflammation of the fibers around the nails, which can be affected by bacteria or yeast. At home, you can treat with warm lotions from a mixture of hot water and liquid antibacterial soap in proportions 1/1, for 15 minutes. This procedure should be carried out 3-4 times a day until complete recovery.
Such an unpleasant situation may occur if the manicure or pedicure was performed incorrectly, or if you have a habit of biting your fingernails. Also, ingrown nails can be caused by cutting the nail very shortly on the sides. This is because it does not grow straight, as it should be, but forms a curl and grows into the side bolsters, causing inflammation and unpleasant sensations. If the nail disease is at the initial stage, then you can make a massage, rubbing the cream and pulling off the skin from the nail, which is just beginning to grow and knead it. This treatment will help the skin to go under the nail that will fix the situation. If the situation is more complicated, then at home it will be unrealistic to get rid of this problem, the only means is removal by means of surgery.
Claws on legs
Claws on the feet is a disease of the toenails that is formed as a result of flexion of the metatarsophalangeal joints of the toes. The middle phalanx suffers most of all, it is the middle of the bone. There is a high probability that such claw-shaped fingers can become a very serious problem that will have to be treated for a long time. Deformation of the claw-shaped fingers can be of two types. The first option is when the fingers remain mobile. With the help of massage movements they can be leveled. In another case, the fingers are motionless, they cause severe pain, then home treatment is not advisable. This disease of the toenails can create a lot of problems when walking, blisters and corns appear. To get rid of such discomfort - you need to contact a surgeon.
Finishing our article on nails on the hands and feet, and actually, why nails break, I want to summarize, saying the main thing: you can prevent, fight and get rid of nail diseases at home, the main thing is to treat it in time and properly.