Hair extensions and its types

Hair extensions and its types
Tired of short hair? Do you want to stand out from the crowd, to make unusual and impressive masterpieces on your head? Or simply, there is a great desire to feel how chic and long curls develop in a gust of wind? Then you should carefully read this article and find out what types of hair extensions exist with the most popular technologies. We promise, it will be very interesting, since the material concerns not only artistic moments, but also useful facts that will be productive, including for newcomers to this issue.

The main types of hair extensions

A bit of history

Hair extensions and its types
Each of us had to contemplate in many sources the process of hair extensions. Also, various photos and videos show all the obvious advantages of such a hairdressing service. Obviously, an unknowing person might think that the technique has appeared recently and is a kind of innovation in the world of fashion and beauty. Unfortunately, this belief is not true. In fact, the first steps of hair extensions slipped back in Ancient Egypt, and of course they were far from perfect. Strands were fixed by various fastenings, threads and other materials.

In Rome wigs were relevant, and this trend, at that time, spread to all countries. In the 19th century, men and ladies of high social status wore mostly natural wigs. At present, the latter have practically left the market due to the emergence of a new and optimal building technique. The usual technology of hair extensions was invented by Simon Forbes in the 60s of the 20th century. At that time, the strands were attached at a certain distance from the roots with glue or so-called keratin. From this point on, various techniques were developed that differ in the method of fixation.

Cold hair extensions

Cold technique involves the interaction of native hair and hair extensions using a special polymer adhesive at a distance of 1 cm from the roots. Cold hair extensions have several technologies, namely:

  • spanish
  • ribbon,
  • japanese
  • afaroschivanie.


Hair extensions and its types
Each of the above techniques has one similarity, which is not a thermal effect on the hair. The master of the hands forms the size and shape of the intended capsule and adjusts it, depending on the structure of the client's hair. A frozen fixed element is not deformed due to exposure to high temperatures, packing materials, any aggressive impact or seawater. Therefore, cold hair extensions are in great demand among lovers of fashion beauty.

How much hair is needed for extension - a question that is individually asked by the master. It depends on the structure and hairstyle of the base hair, so there is no exact answer to it. The minimum quantity varies from 100 - 150 strands. Again, if there is a desire to increase only the bangs, the number will be reduced.

Please note that each procedure is not durable. This rule applies to cold build-up, so as the hair grows, it is necessary to make a correction. Approximately, its frequency can reach 3 times a year or more. Cold buildup, in itself, is suitable for blondes, as the glue has a light shade.


The tape technology of hair extensions is based on the fastening using a tape with a polymer adhesive layer. The width of the strand comes to 4 cm, and the number reaches 80 ribbons. Capacity gained great popularity due to the rapid work of the wizard.

Hair extensions and its types


Japanese technology is cold hair extension, which involves the use of small beads or rings. The crochet master slings the strands into the middle of the ring, which is then clamped with forceps. To correct the extension, specialists use the same tongs to unclench the ring and remove the strand.

Hair extensions and its types

African american

Hair extensions, the types of which tend to use tress, are classified as African American. A thin braid is fastened around the head, to which non-native strands are then sewn. To give more volume, weaving can be made out in several layers. But, with this build-up on the pigtail, the correction will be needed much more often, as the pigtail weakens and unwinds over time.

Hair extensions and its types

Hot hair extensions

Hot hair extension is a hair extension technique that uses keratin capsules. It is interesting that keratin is included in the structure of native strands, so it is safer.

Hair extensions and its types

Hot hair extensions are classified into:

  • English,
  • Italian,
  • microlining


Hot hair extensions according to the English technology is that the master himself forms the strands with the help of a glue gun. Further, the strand with a drop of resin tightly attached to the native strand and clamped with forceps. The color of the resin itself can be matched to the tone of the hair, so when growing, the capsule will be invisible. But, in any case, the correction is inevitable. The more you change overhead curls, the more they get confused and broken. When removing the accrued strands, in this case there will be a greater probability of losing relatives.


Hot hair extensions on the Italian system, otherwise called capsular, means the use of ready-made capsules with a keratin insert. It is worth noting that the work uses forceps, which, when seizing the strand, melt the capsules and automatically attach it to the customer's strands. The temperature in thermoscillars is regulated and fits any hair type and structure. Hot build-up, by itself, is similar to the cold in the period of wear. It is also individual, and correction is required from 3 times a year.


Micro-hair (microcapsule) hair appeared thanks to the Italian technique. The finished strand is divided into 2-3 parts and is attached by thermal tongs to the native strands. It is very cool to combine the micro-stretching and the classic, since it will be possible to create a larger volume on a certain part of the head.

Types of hair extensions have a diverse character, and one of them is exactly suitable for one or another structure of strands. But it is micro-stretching that is considered the safest for thin and weakened curls, because the filling capacity of the capsules is very small, which gives little weight and little pressure.

How do hair extensions

The process itself is not very complicated and accessible to all beginners, if they master all the necessary technology. The described types of hair extensions have already answered the question of how hair extensions are made.

Hair extensions and its types

Basically, the task of a specialist is to attach hair extensions to relatives. The most important thing in this process is color. In order for the service to be performed at the highest level, it is necessary to select the color as close as possible, which will be impossible to distinguish from the “native”. Also, it is important to distribute the head zones for building up and use the correct volume, which will harmoniously be combined with the base one. Therefore, all types of hair extensions are different in technology, but have similarities in the future result, the essence of which is that the "alien" strands on the client's head are not noticeable. Increasing, you can add locks of other shades, combine them, creating the effect of highlighting, toning, coloring and so forth. So, this is a creative work, and the master should see the future result.

Hair extension - photo "before and after"

In order for you to appreciate the significant difference after hair extensions, pay attention to the photo., which clearly demonstrates the hair before and after.

Hair extensions and its types
Hair extensions and its types

Hair extensions can be completely different lengths. There are such situations when a client increases only a fringe or another part of a head of hair. This is not surprising, because each person seeks to transform their appearance and make it as bright and noticeable as possible.

What hair is better for extension

The cost of hair extensions depends on their quality. Accordingly, the more artificial their structure, the lower the price. Everyone chooses a service depending on their financial capabilities. It is worth noting that the cheaper the hair, the lower their lifespan. In the process of wearing, such strands begin to quickly lose their luster and elasticity.

Natural hair extensions have a certain classification, and it depends on the places of assembly strands. Slavic hair for extension gather in the south of Russia. Basically, the palette of shades has a blond color and light blonde. They differ in unsurpassed softness and velvety. You can sense these qualities simply by touching the strands with your hands. In the future, they lend themselves well to washing and styling. Also, the hair is quite hardy, and they are enough for up to 3 corrections or more. Why such a small time, you think. But there is nothing surprising, since with each correction, the length of the strands is removed. Therefore, for example, already by the 3rd correction, it will become minimal, and just might not suit you. Slavyanka can be of the highest class, due to the fact that it was collected from children's strands. And, accordingly, this type has a greater value depending on the quantity.

Hair extensions and its types

European hair extensions gather in European countries. They are denser than the Slav and cheaper, but no less quality. Such strands will be the best choice for brunettes. The term of their socks is large enough.

The answer to the question what kind of hair is best for building is not covered in their price. Most importantly, to choose the right strands to natural hair, based on their base color and curl structure.

There is an artificial hair extension. The procedure itself will be the cheapest, due to the poor quality of the strands. They are often used for the production of wigs and chignons, as well as weaving dreads or braids. Artificial strands can be made on hairpins and do not provide for constant wear. When you need to make a beautiful haircut, they can be put on. But for everyday wear, they are not recommended.

Hair extensions - the pros and cons

As with any procedure, hair extensions have both advantages and disadvantages. Let's start with the most enjoyable:

  • Affordable cost and numerous types of hair extensions.
  • Giving a gorgeous volume.
  • The ability to instantly lengthen, without many years of "torment".
  • The ability to "save" your hair, if it turned out to be unsuccessful.
  • The advantage in creating a variety of styles, images.
  • The ability to change the shape of the face and make it oval.
  • Chic appearance.

Cons hair extensions depend on the technique of execution. If you use a hot look, then native hair will be damaged. After the correction, it is possible to give them a rest and “gain strength”. Also, the negative points can be attributed to discomfort, in the end, on your head there is a foreign body, to which some individuals are quite difficult to get used to. It takes time. When hair regrowth, capsules or tips may be noticeable, so a constant correction is needed.

Is hair extension harmful?

The harm of hair extensions depends on the method of its implementation. If it is a hot buildup, then the strand structure deteriorates, they can become brittle and start falling out. But, again, this is a double-edged sword. With proper care and literacy correction, such defects can be avoided. Therefore, is hair extension harmful?  - The question is correct. In order to reduce such risks it is worth choosing an experienced master and strictly following his instructions. Then the procedure will bring you only positive moments.

There are girls who from year to year constantly use this service. Their reviews can be read on various women's forums and questionnaires. In most cases, they are positive. The considered types of hair extensions make it possible to change your appearance so much that it will please you every minute. Follow all the rules, as well as the instructions of an experienced mentor, and then your choice will be exactly the right one.

Hair extensions - video

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